Topic 1: Basic Guidelines – Personal identification

Basic Guidelines - Personal identification

For this specific dimension, Volunteer tutors should consider the following contents to be taught, structured in components:

Functions (use of language):

  • Introduce oneself to someone / in a group
  • Greet and say goodbye in formal and informal situations
  • Provide and request personal information
  • Spell and ask for spelling a word

Grammar:

  • Use of the present simple of verbs “to be / ser / estar, “to be called / llamarse”, “to live / vivir”, “to speak / hablar” and “to have / tener
  • Use of definite articles according to the gender and number of the nouns
  • Use of personal pronouns depending on the subject
  • Use of basic interrogative forms

Lexicon:

  • Country names, languages and nationality adjectives
  • The alphabet: spelling and name of the letters
  • Vocabulary referred to greetings, farewells and physical description
  • Numbers 1 to 100
  • Address related lexicon

Basic Guidelines - Enviroment

For this specific dimension, volunteer tutors should consider the following contents to be taught, structured in components:

Functions (use of language):

  • Provide and ask for information about the location of a place or public service and directions to find it
  • Ask and inform about the existence of something
  • Start a conversation with a stranger
  • Give the thanks

Grammar:

  • Use of the verb “to have / haber” to express the existence of places and objects
  • Use of the verb “to be / estar” to locate of places
  • Uso del definite articles vs indefinite articles
  • Present simple forms of the verbs “to know / saber”, “to be / estar, “to follow / seguir”, “to cross / cruzar”, “to turn / girar”, “to catch / coger

Lexicon:

  • Vocabulary related to the city, establishments and services, etc.
  • Adverbs and adverbial locutions of place
  • Numbers: Hundreds, thousands and millions

Basic Guidelines - Public services and transports

For this specific dimension, volunteer tutors should consider the following contents to be taught, structured in components:

Functions (use of language):

  • Provide and request information about the location of a place or a public service, means of transport schedules, duration and itinerary of a trip, price and types of tickets.

Grammar:

  • Present of indicative of the verbs “to go / ir”, “to leave / partir”, “to take / coger”, “to last / durar”, “to return / volver”, “to pass / pasar”, “to arrive / llegar”, “to come / venir
  • Past tense of certain verbs as a courtesy formula
  • Use of basic interrogative formulas
  • Use of contractions “to the / al” and “from the / del”

Lexicon:

  • Vocabulary referring to trips and means of transport, schedules, days of the week
  • Use of adverbs and adverbial locutions of time