The European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals (European Commission, 2011) highlights the most pressing challenges regarding migrant integration in the EU. In particular:
The existing evidence (e.g. OECD/European Union, 2015) underlines that third-country nationals continue to face high barriers in the education system than native-born. In another perspective, low levels of education not only cause refugees’ social exclusion and poverty, but they also create significant potential costs for Member State economies.
Migrants can face many challenges, both while arriving at the receiving country and on arrival, including: