In order to concretize the concept of unit and tens digits to individuals, we express that 10 units digits correspond to 1 tens digit with the associated objects. Expression of value of some two-digit numbers are completed.
First the teachers count up to 100. Then counting will be completed all together and these numbers are noted down.
First multiplication operations is described. The necessity of this operation for complicated additions are explained. Easy multiplication exercises are completed orally.
The multiplication table is taught and the tricks of it is explained. For example; 2 x 4 gives the same result as 4 x 2.
Firstly division operation is defined. To concretize this operations you can exchange views on how to share 10 leaves of bread among 5 people.
In order to set an example to division operation 14 / 2 can be used.
1) How many «2»s are there in the number 14?
2) 2 x 7=14
3) So, we can say that there are 7 «2»s in the number 14.
There is 24 hours in a day. We can say that a week comprises of 7 days and we can count the days together. Lastly, we can say that a year includes 52 weeks and 365 days.
We can do operations with the coins and banknotes up to 100 € to exercise. For example; we can ask questions like «I have five 10€ so how much money do I have in total?». It is important to have the money present while doing such exercises.
The concepts of half and quarter can be demonstrated with a loaf of bread. Later it can adapted to hours. For example, a quarter resembels 15 mins. And 2 quarter resemble 30 mins.
You can demonstrate the mentioned prepositions of place with a box. For example; a book can be put in a box and later the location of the book may be asked.