Topic 1: European Agenda on Migration

The European Commission introduced in 2015 a comprehensive European Agenda on Migration aiming to address immediate challenges and equip the EU with the tools to better deal with migration issues in the medium and long term, concerning irregular migration, borders, asylum and legal migration. On this ground, the European Agenda on Migration is the main guideline for managing migration for the European Commission, its EU agencies and Member States. This Agenda integrates a new EU migration infrastructure, including new laws, new systems for coordination and cooperation, and direct operational and financial support from the EU.

Though there are still gaps, the progress made through the last years is crucial.

Source: www.pexels.com

Source: www.pexels.com

Key progress under the European Agenda on Migration*:

  • Irregular border crossings into the EU fell to 150,000 in 2018.
  • EU action has helped to save lives: almost 760,000 rescues at sea and the rescue of over 23,000 migrants in the Nigerien desert since 2015.
  • Hotspots are now established as an operational model to quickly and efficiently bring support to key locations. Five hotspots are operational in Greece, and four in Italy;
  • EU internal funding for migration and borders has more than doubled since the start of the crisis to over €10 billion; – 34,700 people have been relocated inside the EU from Italy and Greece, under dedicated schemes. 1,103 people have also been relocated since summer 2018 under voluntary relocations.
  • The new European Border and Coast Guard Agency has supported Member States to protect the EU external borders.
  • The EU has stepped up the legal pathway of resettlement of persons in need of international protection to Member States, with almost 63,000 people resettled since 2015.

*Progress report on the Implementation of the European Agenda on Migration, European Commission Brussels, 16.10.2019

Key progress under the European Agenda on Migration*:

  • The EU has provided protection and support for millions of refugees in third countries: – The Facility for Refugees in Turkey is delivering on the ground: with 90 projects currently up and running in Turkey, supporting almost 1.7 million refugees on a daily basis and building new schools and hospitals;
  • The EU Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian Crisis is delivering with more than 75 projects providing health, education, livelihoods and socio-economic support to Syrian refugees, internally displaced persons and hosting communities across the region.
  • 210 projects in 26 countries under the EU Trust Fund for Africa deliver concrete results, including basic support to over 5 million vulnerable people.

*Progress report on the Implementation of the European Agenda on Migration, European Commission Brussels, 16.10.2019