Unit 1

The Migration phenomenon – a human need

Teaching methodology:

Since the current module is more theoretical, trainers are encouraged to introduce each specific topic to learners, through:

  • Providing an overview of main countries of origin and root causes of migration to EU.
  • Presenting migration trends.
  • Encouraging discussion about personal and social consequences of migration and then providing feedback according to the training material.
  • Projecting the videos provided in several points, in order to better sensitize learners with the topic.
  • Implementing the activities provided by the end of this module.

Migration can be defined as “a process of moving, either across an international border, or within a State. Encompassing any kind of movement of people, whatever its length, composition and causes; it includes refugees, displaced persons, uprooted people, and economic migrants.” Migration is certainly not a recent phenomenon; on the contrary, it has been part of the human history since its very beginning*.

Since ancient times, Europe has been a crossroad of migration flows. Especially during the last decades Europe is being increasingly becoming a destination of  significant migrant populations, as a result of the current refugee crisis.

Within this background, Europe has to deal with this major challenge by evolving efficient mechanisms that will increase readiness of all key stakeholders involved as well as policymakers and financial institutions to face those challenges.